Topical Corticosteroid Use Associated With Increased Degree of Ptosis and Rate of Ptosis Repair Failure
Dermarkarian, Christopher R.; Williams, Katherine J.; Sweeney, Adam R.; Allen, Richard C.; Yen, Michael T.Read More
To compare the degree of ptosis and the risk of ptosis repair failure among patients with and without a history of topical corticosteroid use.
Retrospective, case-controlled study examining topical corticosteroid use among adults with ptosis who underwent external levator advancement/resection (ELR) or Müller muscle conjunctival resection with at least 3 months postoperative follow-up. Comparative statistical analyses of surgical outcomes were performed amongst patients with and without history of topical corticosteroid use.
A total of 240 patients (406 eyelids) met study criteria, of which 36 patients (44 eyelids) had history of topical corticosteroid use. Mean preoperative margin reflex distance was 0.20 mm and 0.58 mm for topical corticosteroid and non-corticosteroids users (p = 0.01). Mean preoperative levator function was 9.78 mm and 10.38 mm for topical corticosteroid and non-corticosteroid users (p = 0.02). The rate of ptosis repair failure was 30% and 16% in patients with and without a history of topical corticosteroid use (odds ratio 2.25, 95% confidence interval 1.10–4.55; p = 0.03). The rate of recurrence per surgical type in eyelids with and without history of topical corticosteroid use was: external levator advancement/resection 11/27 (41%) and 48/266 (18%) (odds ratio = 3.12, confidence interval 1.36–7.15 0; p = 0.01); Müller muscle conjunctival resection 2/17 (12%) and 9/96 (9%) (odds ratio 1.29, confidence interval 0.25–6.56; p = 0.76).
Topical corticosteroid use is associated with more severe presenting ptosis and increased rates of ptosis repair failure. Compared to Müller muscle conjunctival resection, there is a significantly higher rate of ptosis repair failure in patients undergoing external levator advancement/resection.