Cassie A. Cameron, Valerie Juniat, Marcus Pyragius, Dinesh Selva
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) of the periorbital region is a rare occurrence, though has been shown to cause severe facial disfigurement, blindness, and death.
We report a case of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)–associated periorbital NF in a 25-year-old woman, who presented with left eye and nostril redness and swelling after picking a pimple on her nose a few days prior. She had no significant medical history and was not diabetic. She was initially diagnosed with facial cellulitis and commenced on antibiotics, but returned 2 days later with worsening cellulitis, bilateral leg pain and redness, and shortness of breath. Within a day, she developed pneumonia and sepsis, and she was intubated and transferred to our unit. She was found to have MRSA on blood culture, and she was commenced on meropenem, vancomycin, and clindamycin. Ophthalmic examination while intubated showed left nose, cheek, and upper and lower eyelid redness and swelling. The swelling felt indurated without any evidence of crepitus or frank necrosis. She also had evidence of bilateral thigh cellulitis and was taken to theatre for urgent surgical exploration and debridement of the face and thighs….. FULL TEXT
Chloe FT Ting, Jonathan Lam & Con Anastas
Subgaleal haematoma in adulthood and periorbital necrotising fasciitis are unusual occurrences that have not been reported together. We discuss the first observed case of a 35-year-old female with periorbital necrotising fasciitis postulated to be caused by subgaleal haematoma following head trauma that was successfully managed with antibiotics and surgery.
Alan D. Proia, MD, PhD’
Periocular necrotizing fasciitis developed in a 12-month-old boy with swelling of both eyes and redness and a discharge from the left eye approximately 36 hours after blunt trauma. Computed tomography revealed preseptal and soft-tissue edema on the left side, but no signs of orbital involvement, orbital fractures, or drainable abscess in the anterior left lower eyelid. The inflammatory signs worsened over the next day, and there was purulent discharge from the left lower eyelid and an abscess and necrosis of the lower eyelid skin. He did well following surgical debridement and treatment with intravenous antibiotics. His course highlights the difficulty in diagnosing necrotizing fasciitis and the necessity for prompt surgical debridement and empirical broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy.
Saul N Rajak, Edwin C Figueira, Anjana S Haridas, Khami Satchi, Jimmy M Uddin, Alan A McNab, Cornelius Rene, Timothy J Sullivan, Geoffrey E Rose, Dinesh Selva
Introduction Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a severe infection of deep subcutaneous soft tissues with high morbidity and mortality. Periocular necrotising fasciitis (PONF) is a very rare condition with many unanswered questions about the presentation and management. We present a retrospective case series of patients with PONF from three centres in Australia and two in the UK to investigate the clinical and microbiological characteristics and outcomes and report on patients treated with antibiotics alone.
Results Twenty-nine patients (20 men; 69%) with PONF were identified and followed up for between 2 months and 10 years (median 57, mean 52.6 months) between 1990 and 2013. Conditions associated with chronic immunocompromise were present in 16/29 (55%). Twenty-one (75%) recalled minor periocular trauma or an infected lesion, two having been assaulted by the same assailant. Systemic shock occurred in 6/29 (21%) patients and 1 died. Group A, β-haemolytic Streptococcus was the most common bacterium identified (25/29, 86%). Intravenous antibiotics were used in all patients, and up to five tissue debridements were required to control the disease in 23/29 (74%); reconstructive surgery was required in 12/29 (41%) patients. One patient died from the disease and visual loss occurred in four eyes of four patients (14%).
Conclusions PONF has a better prognosis than disease elsewhere in the body, but is still associated with significant risk of visual loss and a small risk of death. Intravenous antibiotic treatment with cautious observation may be reasonable in selected patients with a low threshold for debridement.