Rachel K. Sobel, Vinay K. Aakalu, Edward J. Wladis, Jurij R. Bilyk, Michael T. Yen, Louise A. Mawn
To assess the efficacy of endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) compared with external DCR.
A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database in March 2016 and updated in October 2017 and February 2019. The search strategy was designed to update the first Ophthalmic Technology Assessment on endonasal DCR from 2001 by identifying new peer-reviewed human studies reported since 2000 in the English language that compare results of endonasal DCR with those of external DCR. The searches yielded 169 articles. Of these, 13 met the inclusion criteria and were assigned a level of evidence rating.
Six of the 13 studies included in this assessment were rated level II and 7 were rated level III. Three of the 13 studies drew conclusions based on statistically significant results, but all of these were level III evidence. Two of these significant studies demonstrated lesser efficacy of endonasal laser DCR (63%–64%) compared with external DCR (94%; P = 0.0002, 0.024). The third study reported that nonlaser endonasal DCR was superior to external DCR (84% vs. 70%; P = 0.03). The remainder of the studies did not find statistically significant differences in success rates between the 2 techniques.
Limited data suggest that laser endonasal DCR may be less effective than external DCR. Existing data are inadequate to draw conclusions about whether endonasal DCR is superior to, equivalent to, or inferior to the gold standard external DCR.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology prepares Ophthalmic Technology Assessments to evaluate new and existing procedures, drugs, and diagnostic and screening tests. The goal of an Ophthalmic Technology Assessment is to review the available research systematically for clinical efficacy, effectiveness, and safety. After review by members of the Ophthalmic Technology Assessment Committee, other Academy committees, relevant subspecialty societies, and legal counsel, assessments are submitted to the Academy’s Board of Trustees for consideration as official Academy statements. The purpose of this assessment by the Ophthalmic Technology Assessment Committee Oculoplastics and Orbit Panel is to compare the efficacy of endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with external DCR.