Relationship between the 24-h variability of blood pressure, ocular perfusion pressure, intraocular pressure, and visual field defect in thyroid associated orbitopathy
Yunhai Tu, Bangxun Mao, Jiagen Li, Weijie Liu, Mingna Xu, Qi Chen & Wencan WuRead More
To evaluate the relationship between the 24-h variability of blood pressure (BP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), intraocular pressure (IOP), and visual field (VF) defect in thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO).
Thirty patients (60 eyes) with TAO were clinically examined in the Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. Patients were divided into two groups: one with VF defect (A) and the other without (B). Clinical parameters measured include 24-h IOP, 24-h blood pressure, orbital computed tomography (CT) scan, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and VFs. The pulse pressure (PP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP), and 24-h fluctuations were calculated by formula.
The MOPP and MAP fluctuation were greater in group A than B (p < 0.05) and had significant negative correlation to mean deviation (MD) of VF (R = − 0.434 P = 0.001*). There was no statistical difference in the muscle index, medial rectus muscle thickness, and blood pressure between two groups. Although there were no significant differences in the mean IOP and IOP fluctuation between two groups, the incidence of IOP abnormalities has higher trend in group A. Patients with 24-h IOP fluctuation ≥8 mmHg and the mean IOP > 21 mmHg in the group A were more than group B.
Dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) might have multiple pathogenic mechanisms. In this study, 24-h MOPP fluctuation and medial rectus maximal diameter were all the risk factors for DON. Higher mean IOP and 24-h IOP fluctuation might be risk factors for DON.