Jonathan A. Go, Ashley N. Anderson, Ashwini Kini, Bayan Al Othman & Andrew G. LeeRead More
Shay Keren, Avraham Abergel, Amir Manor, Amir Rosenblatt, Dvir Koenigstein, Igal Leibovitch & Ran Ben CnaanRead More
Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a widely performed and safe procedure for the treatment of nasolacrimal duct obstruction manifested as epiphora or dacryocystitis. Current success rates are above 90%. Data on causes for failure of the procedure are sparse. We investigated the influence of several preoperative parameters on surgery outcome and to establish that parameters are linked with failure.
A retrospective analysis of the medical records of all consecutive patients who underwent endoscopic DCR in the Tel-Aviv Medical Center, a tertiary referral center, between January 2010 and August 2016 were retrospectively examined and data on the occurrence of surgical failure and reasons for failure were retrieved.
A total of 165 patients (183 eyes) were included. The overall success rate for the surgery was 94.7%. The parameters that correlated significantly with failure were coexisting diabetes mellitus (P = 0.037), allergy to medications (P = 0.034), and prior ocular surgery (P = 0.043). There was no correlation between the surgical failure rates and facial trauma, previous nasal or lacrimal surgery, or the usage of a stent.
Endoscopic DCR is a safe and effective surgical procedure. Diabetes mellitus, allergies, and previous ocular surgery may lead to surgical failure. Patients with these risk factors should be aware of increased failure rates.