Shoji, Marissa K.; Tran, Ann Q.; Nikpoor, Neda; Lee, Wendy W.
A 64-year-old woman underwent bilateral upper eyelid blepharoplasty and subsequently presented with decreased vision at her first postoperative visit 1 week later. She was found to have an 8-mm partial-thickness corneal laceration of her left eye and underwent immediate surgical laceration repair. The laceration etiology was thought to be related to damage from the initial blepharoplasty incision or Bovie cautery tip–induced laceration. After laceration repair, she had residual astigmatism and corneal scarring leading to poor vision. Corneal injuries, including abrasions and perforations, are rare complications of blepharoplasty, and the case in this study is the first report of corneal laceration following blepharoplasty. Corneal perforations and lacerations can lead to significant damage and vision loss, indicating a need for careful attention to surgical technique and instrument placement intraoperatively, routine use of corneal protectors even during superficial aesthetic procedures such as blepharoplasties, and comprehensive postoperative patient instructions.
A 64-year-old woman who underwent an upper eyelid blepharoplasty sustained a partial-thickness corneal laceration of her OS, which required emergent repair and resulted in persistent vision loss secondary to large corneal scar.
Satija, Celine E.; Mehta, Viraj J.; Maltry, Amanda C.; Nussbaum, Eric; Nussbaum, Leslie; Harrison, Andrew R.
The authors describe a rare case of recurrent ectopic meningioma associated with sphenoid encephalocele in the medial anterior orbit of a 52-year-old man with a history of a resected intracranial meningioma. Typical features of ectopic meningioma are reviewed as well as potential etiologies of this very rare recurrence of intracranial meningioma in the orbit. Treatment is typically surgical excision.
The authors report a rare case of recurrent orbital ectopic meningioma in the right medial canthus of a 52-year-old man.
Vasanthapuram, Varshitha Hemanth; Ali, Mohammad Javed
The common ocular manifestations of CHARGE syndrome include colobomatous defects in the eye, strabismus, nystagmus, and micropthalmia. Lacrimal drainage anomalies have been rarely reported and to the best of the authors’ knowledge, only 5 such cases have been reported earlier. The present case describes CHARGE syndrome associated with bilateral complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction with multiple prior attacks of acute dacryocystitis and left lower punctal agenesis, successfully managed with a right-sided dacryocystorhinostomy and awaiting a left dacryocystorhinostomy.
Lacrimal drainage anomalies in CHARGE syndrome include complex CNLDO, punctal agenesis, and acute dacryocystitis.
Basilious, Alfred; Jivraj, Imran; DeAngelis, Dan
The authors present a rare case of sudden onset unilateral complete ptosis occurring hours after administration of the H1N1 influenza vaccine. A complete workup for autoimmune and neurological disease was negative. MRI of the orbits demonstrated unilateral orbital myositis involving the left superior rectus/levator complex, superior oblique, and medial rectus muscles. Ptosis resolved spontaneously over 2 months without intervention. An autoimmune mechanism may explain rare cases of orbital myositis following administration of the H1N1 influenza vaccination.
A case of acute onset and spontaneous resolution of complete unilateral ptosis and orbital myositis post H1N1 influenza vaccination.
AlSemari, Mohammad A.; Maktabi, Azza; AlSamnan, Mazen S.; Alrajeh, Mohammed S.; Strianese, Diego
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most commonly reported B-cell lymphoma and accounts for 6% of all orbital lymphomas. FL presentation in the pediatric population is rare. This study reported an 18-year-old male with a pink elevated lesion in the conjunctiva of the left eye and normal ocular parameters. Following a complete excisional biopsy, the lesion was oval and smooth grossly and showed dense proliferation with a high nuclear–cytoplasmic ratio microscopically. Immunohistochemical studies revealed positive CD20 and bcl-6 while bcl-2 was negative, which is a common feature for pediatric FL in contrast to bcl-2 positivity found by immunohistochemistry in FL occurring in adult patient population. No signs of recurrence were observed over 2 years of follow-up. This study adds a new case to the existing few reports. Interestingly, all reported cases were males including the patient, mean duration of onset was 5 months, and mean duration of follow-up was 18.4 months. The authors emphasize that total surgical excision with close monitoring is reasonable management of such clinical entity.
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a rare entity in pediatric patients. Six cases have been reported with conjunctival FL in the literature (age between 6 and 21 years). Interestingly, all of them were male including the patient.
Aldaas, Khalid M.; Randall, Cara; Eftekhari, Kian; Zhang, Alice Y.
Orbital lymphoma can result in rapid loss of vision if not diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. This patient presented with rapid visual loss and on examination had a rubeosis iridis with a hyphema as well as neovascular glaucoma with vitreous hemorrhage. His medical history included systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and a workup ultimately revealed an orbital mass in the body of the optic nerve. Optic nerve biopsy demonstrated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. To the authors’ knowledge, neovascular glaucoma as the presentation of an extraocular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has not been reported previously. Lymphomas of the orbit and its adnexa constitute roughly 1% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma.1 Most cases are marginal-zone B-cell lymphomas, with the second most common being diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.2 Orbital lymphomas can rapidly progress to complete visual loss when not diagnosed early. The authors report a patient who presented with rapid visual loss due to hyphema, rubeosis iridis, neovascular glaucoma and vitreous hemorrhage secondary to orbital diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Research methods were adherent to the ethical principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki as amended in 2013. The collection and evaluation of protected patient health information was Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant.
The authors report a case of lymphoma metastatic to the optic nerve masquerading as neovascular glaucoma with vitreous hemorrhage.
Jakobiec, Frederick A.; Cortes Barrantes, Paula; Milman, Tatyana; Lee, Nahyoung Grace; Fay, Aaron
The purpose of this study is to codify the microscopic diagnostic criteria for ocular adnexal brow and caruncular sebaceous gland hyperplasias (pseudoadenomatoid) that distinguish it from an adenoma. Clinical records and photographs were critically reviewed and microscopic slides were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and immunochemically stained for adipophilin, androgen receptor, p16, p53, a spectrum of cytokeratins, Ki-67 and mismatch repair nuclear protein expression for MLH1, MSH2, PMS2, and MSH6. The patients and their close relatives had no history of cancer. Cytokeratin 7 and especially cytokeratin 17 highlighted the presence of ducts in the hyperplastic lesion, which are not present in adenomas. p16 and p53 were negative and Ki-67 immunostaining demonstrated similar low proliferation indices for normal and hyperplastic glands. The mismatch repair nuclear protein expressions were preserved in both lesions. Histopathologic misdiagnosis of adenomatoid sebaceous gland hyperplasia as an adenoma can lead to the impression of an association with the Muir-Torre syndrome. Cytokeratins 7 and 17 immunostaining can be helpful in highlighting compressed ducts that in exuberant sebaceous gland hyperplasias may lead to a diagnosis of an adenoma (in which ducts are absent). Negative immunostaining for p16 rules out a possible etiologic role of human papillomavirus in hyperplasias and the negative p53 staining indicates the lesions are not truly neoplastic. The preservation of mismatch repair nuclear protein expression rules out the likelihood of the Muir-Torre syndrome. The current cases convincingly establish that sebaceous hyperplasia is not associated with the Muir-Torre syndrome by both clinical findings and immunohistochemical testing.
Two yellow lesions, from the brow and caruncle, were examined microscopically and immunohistochemically to establish the diagnosis of sebaceous gland hyperplasia and to rule out the Muir-Torre syndrome.
Feijó, Eduardo Damous; Alencastro Landim, George; de Melo Dias, Mirna; Alves de Souza, Bruna Angelina; Murillo Limongi, Roberto; Matayoshi, Suzana
Ductal cysts of the accessory lacrimal glands of Wolfring are rare clinical entities. They typically present as mobile and translucent lesions on the superior or inferior tarsal borders. Here, the authors describe a 7-year-old male child presenting with giant bilateral cysts of Wolfring. Management of such cysts is primarily surgical and the preferred route for excision is transconjunctival. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of a bilateral Wolfring dacryops affecting a child.
Cysts of the accessory lacrimal glands of Wolfring are rare clinical entities. To the authors’ knowledge, here the authors describe the first report of a bilateral Wolfring dacryops affecting a child.
Garakani, Roya; Kersten, Robert; Pekmezci, Melike
Primary ductal adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland is an aggressive neoplasm and can be seen either as a de novo malignancy or in the setting of a carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma carries an overall unfavorable outcome; however, prognosis depends on the type and grade of the malignant component, presence of retained myoepithelial component, and extend of invasion beyond the capsule. Herein, the authors describe a 78-year-old man diagnosed with an incidental, intracapsular, high-grade ductal adenocarcinoma in situ ex pleomorphic adenoma, who is free of disease at 9 months subsequent to complete resection. It is important to recognize the morphologic features of intraductal and intracapsular neoplasms to prevent unnecessary morbidities due to extensive surgical interventions or radiotherapy.
Morphologic features of intracapsular ductal carcinoma in situ ex pleomorphic adenoma, which shows better clinical outcomes with complete excision than its invasive counterpart.