Tomris Sengor, Erdal Yuzbasioglu, Sevda Aydın Kurna, Murat Irkec, Ahmet Altun, Kubra Kökcen & Nazli Gul Yalcin
The present report discusses a new case of dacryoadenitis with extraocular muscle inflammation associated with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) in a contact lens wearer. A 41-year-old male, who has worn silicone hydrogel contact lenses on an extended basis for about 10 years, attended with the complaints of vision disturbance, hyperemia, and pain in his right eye. His history revealed that 1.5 month ago, he had been diagnosed with allergic conjunctivitis and had used steroid eye drops. Biomicroscopic examination revealed eyelid edema, chemosis, and ring infiltration, radial keratoneuritis and an epithelial defect in the cornea. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated enlarged lacrimal gland with edematous changes consistent with inflammation due to dacryoadenitis. There were also thickening and edema of the right superior oblique and lateral rectus muscle. The treatment protocol for AK was applied with no specific treatment for dacryoadenitis. After 4 months of the treatment, dacryoadenitis and keratitis regressed. Dacryoadenitis and extraocular muscle inflammation may accompany AK more frequently than expected and previously known. The evaluation of the lacrimal gland and extraocular muscles in presence of AK might be beneficial for understanding better the exact clinical picture and course of the keratitis.
Helen Merritt, Margaret L. Pfeiffer, Margaret E. Phillips & Karina Richani
The management of blind, painful eyes in Sturge–Weber syndrome patients poses unique challenges to the oculoplastic surgeon. Intraocular and orbital vascular malformations and calcification may theoretically lead to unexpected hemorrhage and difficulty placing an implant in a calcified scleral shell. We present two cases of patients with Sturge–Weber syndrome with blind, painful eyes who underwent evisceration with silicone implant and discuss the relevant current literature. Both of our patients had uncomplicated surgeries and post-operative courses. Our literature review reveals that both evisceration and enucleation are viable surgical options for globe removal in Sturge–Weber syndrome, yet careful preoperative planning must be undertaken to minimize risk.
Brynn N. Wajda & Michael P. Rabinowitz
Orbital Hodgkin lymphoma is infrequent, representing less than 1% of adult orbital malignancies. It is typically seen in the setting of terminally advanced systemic disease. This case highlights orbital, head, and neck disease in a systemically stable individual treated with the novel anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody brentuximab vedotin.
Sangeeta Shah, Poonam Lavaju, Priyanka Bharati & Icchya Joshi
Ocular involvement of rhinosporidiosis is seen in about 15% of cases and clinically appears as a freely mobile, granular, pink, fleshy sessile or pedunculated mass. The conjunctiva is the most common site of origin. A 25-year-old male presented with a painless mass in the lower part of the left eye for 6 months which was gradually progressive. Examination revealed a pedunculated mass of 15 mm x 15 mm arising from the lower palpebrae of the left eye retracting the lower lid. It appeared to be vascular with few white spots at the apex. Rest of the ocular examinations was within the normal limit. The presentations of ocular rhinosporidiosis vary. Though the conjunctival origin is very common, it may not have a classic pink fleshy appearance at all times. A vascular/cystic painless conjunctival mass should also be considered as a case of rhinosporidiosis in prone areas.
G. N. Thomas, J. Chan, G. Sundar & S. Amrith
Both the Müller muscle-conjunctiva resection (MMCR) and levator advancement (LA) procedures can be used to manage ptosis in patients with good levator function. The aim of this article is to evaluate the efficacy and cosmetic outcomes of the two procedures. The clinical records of 29 consecutive eyelids of 26 patients undergoing MMCR and 30 eyelids of 23 patients undergoing LA were analysed. Eleven (42%) in the LA group and 9 (39%) in the MMCR group were male. The preoperative eyelid measurements were significantly different in the LA compared to the MMCR groups, in terms of palpebral aperture (PA) (6.3 vs 7.4, p = 0.01), marginal reflex distance 1 (MRD1) (-0.1 vs 1.5, p < 0.001) and levator function (LF) (12.1 vs 13.4, p = 0.03). The MRD1 1 month post-surgery was slightly less in the LA group compared to the MMCR group (2.6 vs 3.18 mm, p = 0.047) but not significantly different at months 3 and 6. The final change in MRD1 was significantly higher in the LA group (2.93 vs 1.76, p = 0.004). The MMCR group had a lower incidence of lid contour abnormalities (0% vs 20%, p = 0.01) and overcorrection (0% vs 13%, p = 0.04). There was no statistically significant difference in the rates of undercorrection in either group. Both the MMCR as well as LA procedures are effective for mild to moderate ptosis in patients with good levator function. Patients undergoing MMCR had higher success rates, better preservation of the natural lid contour, and a lower incidence of overcorrection than patients undergoing LA.
Austin R. Meeker, Melissa W. Ko, Bryant P. Carruth, Kenneth B. Strumpf & Thomas A. Bersani
Optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM) is typically diagnosed based on clinical suspicion and imaging characteristics and is most often treated with radiation. Historically, biopsy, optic nerve sheath decompression, and debulking surgeries have been avoided for fear of optic nerve vascular disruption and tumor spread into the orbit. This is a case of a 48-year-old man who presented with unilateral optic disc edema, declining visual acuity, and a visual field defect. Despite an initial improvement with acetazolamide, his vision subsequently worsened. With an elevated lumbar puncture opening pressure and imaging showing right optic nerve sheath enhancement, the differential diagnosis included ONSM, perineuritis and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Optic nerve sheath decompression (ONSD) with biopsy was performed, simultaneously decompressing the nerve and yielding a sample for pathologic analysis. A pathologic diagnosis of ONSM was made and treatment with radiation was subsequently initiated, but vision began to improve after the surgical decompression alone.
Adam R. Sweeney, Greg E. Davis, Shu-Hong Chang & Arash Jian-Amadi
This article determines the efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endoDCR) in patients who have undergone adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (XRT) following head and neck cancer resection. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent endoDCR between 2006 and 2014 at a tertiary referral center. Cases were reviewed and selected for the following inclusion criteria: history of adjuvant sinonasal XRT following head and neck cancer resection, preoperative probing and irrigation demonstrating nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO), postoperative probing and irrigation following silicone tube extubation. Exclusion criteria included active dacryocystitis, postoperative follow-up of less than 4 months, presence of epiphora prior to XRT, lack of probing/irrigation at preoperative or postoperative visit, and lid malposition including ectropion, facial palsy, and/or poor tear pump. Six patients (7 eyes) met the selection criteria. EndoDCR was performed at a mean time of 30 months following last radiation treatment (range, 3–71 months). Mitomycin C was used in 4/7 cases. Silicone tube removal occurred between 3–8 months postoperatively. Five out of 6 patients had postoperative sinonasal debridement and nasal saline/corticosteroid irrigation. Five out of 6 patients (83%) had both resolution of epiphora and anatomic patency confirmed by probing and irrigation. Our experience suggests that endoDCR procedures can be effective in patients with NLDO following prior sinonasal XRT for head and neck neoplasms. Postoperative management with sinonasal debridement and combined saline/corticosteroid nasal irrigation may help to improve surgical success in patients with increased post-radiotherapy mucosal inflammation.
Rachna Agarwal, Vikas Kanaujia, Priyadarshini Mishra, R. V. Phadke & Kumudini Sharma
We report a case of partial third nerve palsy resulting from a cystic lesion located at the orbital apex. Imaging was suggestive of cystic schwanomma but histopathology of the lesion confirmed epidermoid cyst, which is a rare tumour of the orbit.