Ediriwickrema, Lilangi S.; Liu, Catherine Y.; Kikkawa, Don O.; Korn, Bobby S.
The authors describe a clinical case whereby a patient with metastatic cutaneous melanoma developed eyelash poliosis after undergoing treatment with combination immunotherapy with ipilimumab and nivolumab.
Reem Alnabulsi, Ahsen Hussain & Dan DeAngelis
Ipilimumab and Nivolumab are novel monoclonal antibodies that have recently been used successfully for treatment of metastatic melanoma. Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody against Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Antigen 4 (CTLA4) receptor, which suppresses T-cell proliferation and stimulates an inflammatory response against cancer cells. Nivolumab is an IgG4 monoclonal antibody against the cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated programmed death 1 receptor (PD-1). Ipilimumab and Nivolumab combination treatment has been shown to induce remission and prolong survival in patients with metastatic melanoma. The side effect profile of these medications has not been well studied. One entity of the side effects reported in the literature is immune-related adverse events (irAEs). There have been few case reports where these events were serious and irreversible. In this case report, we describe a fatal and severe diffuse panmyositis that involved the cardiac, respiratory, and extraocular muscles in a patient with metastatic melanoma secondary to combination treatment with Ipilimumab/Nivolumab.
Ford, Joshua; Thuro, Bradley A.; Thakar, Sudip; Hwu, Wen-Jen; Richani, Karina; Esmaeli, Bita
Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) inhibitors are members of a new class of drugs known as immune checkpoint inhibitors and have proven efficacy in the treatment of metastatic melanoma. Herein, the authors report the use of nivolumab and pembrolizumab, 2 recently Food and Drug Administration-approved PD-1 inhibitors, in 3 patients: 1 with metastatic conjunctival melanoma and 2 with metastatic cutaneous melanoma and orbital involvement. The patients’ metastatic disease responded well to drug treatment. As of this writing, 2 patients have completed therapy and remain disease free at least 1 year after treatment completion; the other patient is still receiving treatment, and his orbital disease is responding. The authors herein describe the use of PD-1 inhibitors as a new alternative in the treatment of metastatic melanoma to the orbit or metastatic ocular adnexal melanomas in these clinical settings.