Quantitative Assessment of Dry Eye Parameters After Müller’s Muscle-Conjunctival Resection
Bautista, Sana Ali; Wladis, Edward J.; Schultze, Robert L.Read More
Purpose: Müller’s muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) is a highly effective technique to correct upper eyelid ptosis. However, several authorities have raised concerns about the possibility of postoperative ocular surface dryness. This study was performed to assess the impact of MMCR on clinically meaningful parameters of the ocular surface.
Methods: In adult patients, tear break-up time, lipid layer thickness, and osmolarity were measured via direct observation, interferometry, and impedance measurements before surgery and 3 months after surgery in patients who underwent MMCR. Statistical analysis was performed via a dedicated software package.
Results: Fifteen eyes of 14 patients were included in the study. Mean pre- and postoperative tear break-up times were 12.71 ± 2.20 and 12.43 ± 2.41 seconds, respectively (p = 0.1648). Preoperatively, the mean lipid layer thickness measurement was 91.00 ± 7.02 nm, whereas the mean postoperative value was 88.86 ± 21.36 nm (p = 0.6613). The mean preoperative tear osmolarity measured 291.4 ± 8.86 mOsm/l, and the mean postoperative measurement was 289.86 ± 9.74 mOsm/l (p = 0.2652).
Conclusions: MMCR does not appear to change clinically meaningful ocular surface disease parameters, and postoperative dryness did not result from this procedure. In appropriately selected patients, MMCR can be safely performed without increased concerns regarding postoperative dry eye disease.