Joe lWelch, Kunal Malik, Eileen L. Mayro, Jennifer H, Newman, Stephanie E, Honig, Su Mae Ang, Evan B. Selzer, Luis A. Acaba-Berrocal, Mark P.McGarrey, Alexander E. Graf, Sean P. Considine, Jerry A. Shields, Carol L. Shields
To evaluate interval between primary cancer diagnosis and uveal metastasis and assess survival outcomes based on whether the primary cancer was diagnosed before or after uveal metastasis.
In this retrospective analysis, all patients with uveal metastasis evaluated on the Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA between February 1, 1974 and June 1, 2017 were included. Features and outcomes based on timing of primary cancer diagnosis, whether before or after diagnosis of uveal metastasis, were assessed.
A total of 2214 uveal metastases were diagnosed in 1310 eyes of 1111 consecutive patients. Primary cancer was known prior to uveal metastasis in 742 patients (67%) and not known in 369 (33%). Of those not known, the primary cancer was later found in 192 patients (17%) and never found in 177 patients (16%). For those with known primary cancer, mean interval from primary cancer diagnosis to uveal metastasis was 5.2 years with differences in primary sites of gastrointestinal (2.1 years, p = 0.003), lung (2.2 years, p < 0.001), breast (6.5 years, p < 0.001), and thyroid (13 years, p < 0.001). By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the 5-year overall survival showed no difference between patients with primary cancer found before (28%) vs after (20%) vs never found (33%), relative to uveal metastasis.
Of 1111 patients with uveal metastasis, early-onset uveal metastases were found with lung and gastrointestinal tract cancers, whereas late-onset metastases were found with breast and thyroid cancers. Overall survival did not vary on whether the primary tumor was diagnosed before, after, or never found, relative to uveal metastasis.