Color Doppler imaging in thyroid eye disease and its correlation to disease activity
Mansooreh Jamshidian-Tehrani, Amin Nabavi, Abolfazl Kasaee, Narges Hasanpoor, Eahsan Elhami, Shervin Sharif-Kashani, Ahamd Masoumi, M. Hossein Nowroozzadeh & Ali Sadeghi-TariRead More
Purpose: To evaluate alterations in orbital color Doppler imaging (CDI) parameters and their correlation to disease activity and severity in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED).
Methods: Seventy-six orbits of 45 TED patients and 40 orbits of 40 normal controls were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. According to clinical activity score (CAS), patients were categorized to active (CAS ≥ 3) or inactive disease (CAS < 3). Patients were also classified as having mild, moderate or severe disease. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), and resistance index (RI) in ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery, and maximum and minimum velocity in superior ophthalmic vein and central retinal vein were determined in all subjects.
Results: There was a significant difference in maximum velocity of superior ophthalmic vein and EDV and RI of ophthalmic artery between patients with TED and normal subjects. Superior ophthalmic vein maximum and minimum velocity and ophthalmic artery RI were significantly higher in patients with active disease than inactive cases. Disease severity did not affect the blood flow parameters independently. A cutoff point of 3.99 cm/s in superior ophthalmic vein maximum velocity yielded a sensitivity of 91.2% and specificity of 81.2% in detecting active disease.
Conclusion: Retrobulbar blood flow is altered in TED and is related to disease activity. Superior ophthalmic vein maximum velocity could be helpful in differentiation of active and inactive cases.